Britain’s government plans to launch the world’s first sovereign green bonds for retail investors as part of its push to create a net-zero-carbon economy by 2050.
The savings bonds will fund projects in areas such as renewable energy and clean transportation and will go on sale this year, the Treasury said.
Finance Minister Rishi Sunak has committed to the launch of so-called green gilts, aimed at institutional investors, as part of his borrowing plans for the 2020/21 financial year, which will be announced in his budget statement on Wednesday.
The British minister said on Sunday he would not rush to fix the public finances as he readied a budget plan which will pile more borrowing on top of almost 300 billion pounds ($418 billion) of COVID-19 spending and tax cuts.
Sunak, who is due to deliver his budget to parliament on Wednesday, promised to help the UK economy through a gradual lifting of lockdown measures that will last at least until late June. But he also said he would “level with people” about how Britain’s 2.1 trillion-pound debt pile would carry on growing without action.
“This is not something that’s going to happen overnight. Given the scale of the shock we’ve experienced, the scale of the damage, this is going to take time to fix,” Sunak told Sky News on Sunday.
“But it’s important … to also have strong public finances over time.” Sunak declined to comment on specific tax moves – including a widely reported plan to raise corporation tax – ahead of his budget speech.
He also would not say if he would stick to his Conservative Party’s promises made in 2019 – before the pandemic – not to raise the rates of income tax, value-added tax or national insurance contributions, the biggest sources of tax revenue.
The Sunday Times said Sunak was planning to raise income tax revenues by 6 billion pounds by freezing the point at which people start paying the basic rate of income tax and the threshold at which they begin paying the higher rate.
Britain has suffered the biggest COVID-19 death toll in Europe and the heaviest economic shock among big rich countries, according to the headline measures of official data.
In response, Sunak has racked up the country’s biggest ever peacetime budget deficit to protect jobs and help businesses, and to increase funding for health and other services.
“We went big, we went early, and there’s more to come and people should feel reassured by that,” Sunak told BBC television.
Businesses such as shops, bars, clubs, hotels, restaurants, gyms and hair salons will be offered 5 billion pounds of additional grants, the government said on Saturday.
But Sunak also raised the prospect of a fiscal reckoning to prepare Britain for future economic shocks and he noted a recent rise in the cost of borrowing from record lows as debt markets worldwide price in more inflation from the global stimulus push.
“Interest rates have been at very low levels, which does allow us to afford slightly higher debt levels,” he said.
“But that can always change and we’re seeing that in the last few weeks,” he said. “We have to be acute to that possibility.”
The opposition Labour Party said Sunak was already putting pressure on local authorities to increase taxes.
“We are an outlier both in terms of having had the worst economic crisis of any major economy but now also in having a government that seems to be focused on increasing tax right now on families when other countries have focused on securing the recovery,” its finance spokeswoman Anneliese Dodds said.
British finance minister Rishi Sunak said the idea of giving people vaccine passports or certificates to allow them to enter venues or events might be a way to help the country and its economy recover from the coronavirus pandemic.
“Obviously it is a complicated but potentially very relevant question for helping us reopen those parts of our country like mass events,” Sunak told BBC television on Sunday.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said last week that the government would hold a review to consider the scientific, moral, philosophical and ethical questions about using vaccine certificates for people who have received a coronavirus shot, which could help entertainment and hospitality venues reopen. Britain is to launch a new Infrastructure Bank with £12 billion ($17 bn, 14 bn euros) in capital and £10 billion in government guarantees, the Treasury said Saturday, aimed at kickstarting the economy.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak is expected to announce the initial funding at Wednesday’s Budget and the bank will launch in spring, the Treasury said.
“Britain’s businesses and the Great British public deserve world-class infrastructure and that is exactly what this new Bank will help us deliver for them,” Sunak was quoted as saying.
The bank is set to finance private sector projects in the green economy, focusing on areas such as carbon capture and renewable energy.
It will also provide loans to local authorities at low interest rates to support “complex infrastructure projects.”
The Treasury said the Bank would unlock billions more in private finance to support a £40 billion infrastructure investment to “fire up the economy” and help reach commitments on net zero emissions and reducing regional deprivation.